Sample Essay

They adopted the religion of the Toltecs which though relatively benign during their time became more barbaric and fundamental under Aztec society in 14th Century. They sacrificed around twenty thousand human beings on their altars. Aztec priests performed these ceremonies on the summit of their temples surrounded by several worshippers. The priests would bind a person to the sacrificial stone and use a knife to tear open the victims’ breast and take out his heart. The organ would then be cut into smaller pieces and mixed into maize for their followers to eat. Such cannibalistic tendencies were not known to exist at the time of the Toltecs (Pendelton, 1989).

One of the most well known and enduring legends of the Aztecs is the story of the 10th Century ruler of the Toltecs known as Quetzalcoatl. Often mistaken for the deity of the same name Quetzalcoatl name literally means Our Prince One-Reed Feathered Serpent.

Although there are varying accounts of his life it is thought that Quetzalcoatl was born in what is now known as the town of Tepoztlán in the 10th century. He was known to have four possible fathers known as The Cloud serpent (also known as Mixcoatl), the god of war, the god of fire and the god of the hunt. Toltec kings and priests would sometimes take the name of their deities who were their patrons.

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