Sample Essay

The Second Amendment is the original constitutional endeavor that gave private individuals the right to possess guns. It was enacted by our leaders with the simple ideology that the widespread use of licensed arms would prevent the Federal government from pressurizing the general population in the future. The actual text that ratified the Amendment in 1787 stipulated that “A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed” (District of Columbia v Heller, 2008).

Many try to affirm that this Amendment was designed to restrict the use of weapons by the State Militia federally administering the laws of the land, adopting a constrained and restrictive derivation of the text. Those in favor of gun control laws say that the Amendment was directed towards the National Guard, an institution that was created 130 years later in 1917 (Biggandy Magazine, 2007).

The fact is that the Second Amendment was designed to keep the law abiding citizen in control of the democratically elected government in order to ensure that force never got used as a tool to incite fear and thus keep power confined to the authorities in an unbiased way. The Supreme Court agrees, and thus, in 2008 delivered the landmark judgment in District of Columbia v Heller establishing once and for all that the Second Amendment protects the right of individuals to bear firearms, immediately striking on the Firearms Control Regulations Act of 1975 as unconstitutional and signifying that possession of arms is as much as a right of individuals as it is of state militias (District of Columbia v Heller, 2008). This changes a few things, since the Supreme Court has ruled on this subject for the first time in U.S history. Prior to this case however, gun control has continued to exist in legislation and policy and to understand if it has improved or worsened criminal activity in the country, the last century must be taken into account.

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