This phase comprises of the selections. Selection of appropriate topology, protocol, architecture, and the ways to handle data redundancy and fault tolerance by numerous methods like clustering must also be provided in this phase to ensure no failure. As a network topology, star topology would be best suited. Ethernet is one of the most suitable protocols for LAN that maintains the data rate of about 10 Mb/s.
For a building network peer-to-peer architecture is appropriate because each node has the equal right. To handle failures, there should be provisions of bandwidth management which provides the user with adequate amount of bandwidth according to his needs, load balancing to keep the network running, proper and reliable cabling, fault tolerance to recover from unexpected failures, use of clustering or mirroring to backup power outage and moving the data from one server to the next (Bitpitpe 2009).
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