The origin of hacker culture and the philosophy that was produced as a result can be traced back to Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in 1950s and 1960s, however, hacker ethics was first documented by Stephen Levy, a journalist, in his book titled “Hackers: Heroes of the Computer Revolution” in 1984. In the book, Levy described how the Electronic Accounting Machinery (EAM) room became the playing ground for the first hackers, who undertook hacking as a project which not only done to fulfil a constructive goals but to take some please through mere involvement in the activity. These hackers were able to push computer application beyond what they were designed for, however, being educated, followed some rules and regulation in their activities.
These rules and regulation was not developed through open debate and discussion but rather they were seen, followed and agreed upon silently (Levy 1984).
The Ethics of Hacking
In their book Duquenoy, Jones and Blundell mention several general principles of hackers ethics which include sharing, decentralization, access to computers without charge, improvement of the world and openness (Duqeunoy, Jones and Blundell 2007). Apart from these, specific hackers ethics and beliefs have been describes by Levy as well (Levy 1984).
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