Sample Essay

The 1994 Human Development Report was the first to approach the subject in a formalized way by presenting the freedom from fear, freedom from want agenda. The report goes further in defining seven aspects of HS, the third one being health security[1].

Already an influence on setting the tone for global security discourse, the United Nations Development Program’s 1994 Human Development Report is generally recognized as the watershed moment for the international recognition of human security as a priority. The Report is all-encompassing and integrative, in that it includes an urging for the protection of seven elements of HS — economic, food, health, environmental, personal, community and political security.[2] Later attempts to narrow the concept of human security have run into problems with value judgments, cultural relatively and exclusion, as will be outlined here in a later section.

Since 1994, a pivotal year in terms in of human security as a result of the UNDP Report mentioned earlier and the Rwandan Genocide, the relationship between states and individuals in terms of human security has come under greater international scrutiny, with a focus on development, peace building, policy and military-strategic approaches. The concept of human security today thus represents a major shift in the way government, organizations, academics and individuals think about human security, as it places greater legal emphasis on the welfare of ordinary people.

[1] United Nations Development Programmed, Human Development Report, 1994 (New York: Oxford University Press, 1994), p. 24.

[2] UNDP. UN Human Development Report. (New York: Oxford University Press, 1994).

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