The International Organization on Computer Evidence (IOCE) came into existence in 1995, in order to provide a forum to international law enforcement agencies where they could exchange information related to the computer crime investigations as well as other computer related forensic issues. IOCE is composed of accredited government agencies which are actively involved in computer forensic investigations. The members of IOCE are involved in identification and discussion on topics of mutual interest, while the organizations also facilitate the dissemination of information on international level. The organization is also involved in the development of recommendations which are considered by its members.
In addition, the IOCE also develops communication services between its member agencies and also arranges conferences which are aimed at establishing working relationships between its constituent organizations. IOCE has also been involved in a number of activities related to the development of international standards and principles of computer forensics. In 1997, it was tasked with the development of international standards which would facilities the exchange and recovery of undamaged electronic evidence. In 1999 and in 2001, two of its working group also proposed several important international principles for the standardized recovery of computer-based evidence and the handling of the evidence after the incident. These principles were governed by attributes such as consistency with all legal systems, flexibility in the usage of a common language, applicability at every level, applicability to all evidence, durability and the allowance for the crossing of international boundaries (Vacca, 2005).
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