History’ Strauss argues that philosophy must grant that revelation is possible and that must imply that philosophy is not the only one thing needful lest it may suffer from a fatal weakness. Strauss thought that philosophy solely cannot establish philosophy that would have to begin from law and tradition and universal morality cannot come from philosophy but from revelation.
While local morality can come from philosophy but not the universal one. He did not see all theology with a favorable stance and viewed Scholasticism, that claimed to show the rationality of religion, as perilous and opposed the view taught by Averroes which taught that religion and philosophy and were competing truths. He diagnosed that the blend of revelation and philosophy in medieval Christendom has destroyed the meaning of both philosophy and revelation. He found out that philosophy and religion can neither be blended into each other nor can each of them be rejected by the other and this recognition of the fact make Islamic, according to Strauss, and Jewish philosophers having a depth that the medieval Christian philosophers lack. Christian Scholasticism made philosophy subservient to theology. It was in Enlightenment and Machiavelli’s manipulation of philosophy that theology then was made subservient to philosophy. Strauss was also inspired by Franz Rosinweed, one of the influential thinkers of 20th century, who emphasized the perilous challenge that ‘wholly other’ God laid for philosophy.
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