Sample Essay

Orwell presents the theme of illusion and reality through the experiences of a common man who believed that he can see reality, ‘reality is something objective’ (Orwell 249) but the party overcomes his perceptions and at the end of the novel. The man is also disillusioned in his love for Julia as when the time comes for the persistence on his ideals and love he fails to be loyal to Julia. As during his detention He hardly thought of Julia’ (Orwell 228). It takes very little time to betray Julia as ‘He felt no love for her, and hardly even wonder what was happening to her’ (Orwell 229). It is during his interrogation that he is brought into reality from ‘a very serious delusion’ by O’Brien.

The theme of the manipulation of the minds of the people serves to emphasize the utter helplessness of the ‘proles’. The irony of the novel emerges as it becomes evident that the hero of Winston’s story is Big Brother who is watching every one through the telescreens, ‘Big Bother is watching you’ (Orwell 07). As the party asserts its influence through every possible means whether it is the food that is to be provided or the very language that must be used by people, it dominates the lives of the people by stripping them of their individuality. Winston, who resents the authority of the party, thinks, ‘It was terribly dangerous to let your thoughts wander when you were in public place or within range of a telescreen. A smallest thing could give you away. A nervous tic, an unconscious look of anxiety, a habit of muttering to yourself’ or anything suggesting of ‘having something to hide’ was a ‘punishable offence’ called ‘Face crime’ (Orwell 79).

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