Ethiopia, as a state that is not currently involved in a major external or internal conflict, with a government that enjoys international support and some of the lowest health indicators in the world stands as an appropriate example to find a link between health and human security.


In Ethiopia the HIV has emanated to a perilous extent. USAID has determined that youth between the ages of 15-25 are the age group with the highest rate of infection, with girls having a 3 times greater prevalence rate than boys of the same age[1]. ‘At the end of 1999, an estimated 3 million Ethiopians, or nearly11% of adult population, were living with HIV/AIDS, an estimated 150,000 of those infected are children. Between 15% and 30% of adolescents attending antenatal clinics in major urban centres tested positive for HIV’[2]. No other region in the world is as affected by HIV as is Sub-Saharan African region. According to an estimate, about 23 million populations are affected by the disease. Moreover the number of children orphaned as a result of the disease has increased to a dangerous extent.

[1] USAID, “About Ethiopia”, (2006)

[2] USAIDS & World Health Organization (WHO), Epidemiological Fact Sheet on HIV/AIDS and Sexually Transmitted Infections 2000 Update: Ethiopia, (2000), p.3

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