International business and globalization in the current business environment have led to more attention to the supply chain management. Scholars and practitioners are emphasizing on implementing sustainability within the supply chain management given the pressures are driven by customers, government, and other stakeholder groups. The supply chains have become more complex in the recent effects of globalization and economies indicating that the key issues related to supply chains such as competences, design, capabilities, and management need more attention. Increased focus on the CSR has to be facilitated with the coordination throughout the purchasing, manufacturing, distribution, and marketing for the effective management of supply chain. Also, there is the need for a formal system that reports the CSR issues within the supply chain so that greater commitment to stakeholders and performance advantages can be achieved. Also, there is need to address the behaviors so that the successful performance is achieved at all stages of the supply chain. Integration of social considerations with the supply chain management is an important discipline that leads to satisfaction of the sustainability objectives. However, the social dimension of sustainability varies from the environmental dimension and is not often related strongly to supply chain such as social management system or social supply chains are not so common. One of the major components of supply chain management is the human element including labor, skills, and experience and is important considerations within the social supply chain management.
The main emphasis on profits is considered to be the most important factor for the future of internal and external people as well as long-term organizational strategy. However, there is no single definition of sustainability in terms of social dimension. the goals of sustainability that are connected, inclusive, secure and equitable must be part of the ethical code for survival and progress of humans. Also, there is to be a strong association between the social dimension of sustainability with the management of same as it reduces unemployment, prevents social exclusion, protects the health and safety of employees and ensures equal treatment.
Given the globally competitive business environment, sustainability emerges as the prime concern in various areas. Sustainability is a multidimensional construct that focuses on using resources efficiently in the ways that economic bottom line increases as well as the return on investments when additional factors of greater ecological responsibility and social considerations are taken into account. Supply chains have become the major sources of serious environmental problems as they cause waste and emissions leading to acid rain and global warming.