A framework composed of carious strategies serves as a prevention science which can help in successful reintegration of ex-prisoner in the community. The health risks and associated factors affect the ability of an individual to mix well with society and result in a smooth transition from prison to the home. The strategies can be universal, selective or indicative. This framework helps in preventing multi-level risks to the prisoners. This set of risks encompasses the need for primary health care system that mitigates the incarceration effect of discharging the prisoner. Universal perspective suggests that all discharged prisoners need basic necessities such as healthcare, housing, employment, and social support. But, to obtain these necessities, they have to face social and economic barriers. The criminal charge history against the individual affects his capability of employment opportunities and legal status. Insurance of health care is also limited. These things can impose financial and social constraints on ex-prisoner. Even the community services lack the confidence of trust for such persons. Society treats them as a reason for increasing crimes.
Nursing has been defined by International Council of Nurses as autonomous and collective care of individuals encompassing all ages and communities. Nursing promotes health prevents sickness and provide care. Education and knowledge about recent using practices are necessary regardless of geographical location. The Royal College of Nursing states that using judgments in clinical care and it is to work towards improving, maintaining or recovering the health of individuals. It offers services to provide the best quality of life. The American Nurses Association defines nursing as the method of protecting, promoting and optimizing health abilities by preventing illness. It helps in diagnosing the disease and treating compassionate response. For a corrective nursing profession, Coyle has outlined the key ideology of efficient healthcare in prison. It proposes that all decisions related to the health prisoner must be made on clinical grounds. They should be in the best interest of the patient. To successfully implement a quality health care service in prisons, Norman and Parrish presented the need for efficient physicians and nurses with a wide range of skills, experience, and abilities. The approach should be of a multidisciplinary nature.
The corrective nursing role for prisoners soon to be discharged should be a set of programs fulfilling various dimensions. It should represent the most coherent treatment tailored according to patients’ needs. It should address all risk factors associated and should offer cognitive behavioral, skill-oriented approach based on multiple modal care services. Higher risk offenders should be offered intensive services and continuous treatment process should be implemented in a well-structured manner. Jean Watson’s nursing theory admirably serves the purpose of nursing behavior and importance in prison settings.